Despite the airstrikes in Syria, Netanyahu’s preferred strategy is a slow increase in pressure that could result in regime change
In the 39 years since the Islamic revolution ended the decades-old strategic alliance that had existed between Iran and Israel, the two countries have been at undeclared war. But in all their years of enmity, the conflict has always been an indirect one. Iran has financed and directed proxies – Hezbollah in Lebanon and to lesser degrees, Palestinian groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad – to take on Israel. On its side, Israel has waged a clandestine campaign, using assassinations, sabotage and cyberwarfare to disrupt Iran’s nuclear programme and arms shipments.